Meeting Summary

The 21st Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis
Wellington, 1 and 2 February 2010

The 21st Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 1 and 2 February 2010 at the Te Papa Tongarewa (Museum of New Zealand) in Wellington, New Zealand.
The meeting was hosted by the Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand. Mr. Kenichi Matsui, Councilor, Energy Data and Modeling Unit (EDMC), Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives from Australia, China, Hong Kong China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore and Chinese Taipei attended the meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) were also present. A representative of the International Energy Agency (IEA) attended the meeting as an observer and guest speaker. The list of participants at the meeting is provided in the Annex.

The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Mr. Bruce Parkes, Deputy Secretary Energy and Communications Branch, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand, followed by an opening and thanking address by EGEDA Chair Mr. Kenichi Matsui.:

The meeting discussed the following items:

1. APEC energy statistics

Mr. Edito Barcelona, Senior Researcher, EDMC/IEEJ, assigned as the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Group, made a report on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2007 and 2008. He noted that while the performance of data submissions from member economies has improved, there are still some problems in terms of timeliness and consistency. He also reported that member economies can now check their historical energy data in the APEC 2008 Annual Data Collection Format. He urged members to submit consistent data in a timely manner using the new format. He urged also the submission of price data. In response to a request for a reminder to be sent before the deadline for submission, the CA agreed to send a reminder by email in September/October every year.
Mr. Barcelona made reports on Quarterly Data for 2009 and on CO2 Emission Data Collection for 2007 and 2008. First, he reported some inconsistency issues between annual data and the sum of quarterly data, which needed to be resolved. He reported also that the timeliness has improved but the number of submissions has fallen. He urged the submission of data by all member economies. Regarding CO2 emissions, he reported that ten APEC economies lack official CO2 emissions data, which presents a challenge to analysing the data and determining efficiency and emission trends. He reported a 1.0 percent growth in 2007 in CO2 emissions among APEC economies, and a 3.1 percent annual growth rate for 1990 – 2007.
The EGEDA chair reported the results of the questionnaire sent through e-mail in early February 2009 to EGEDA members on the issue of whether the CO2 database should be made publicly available. The chair received replies from six economies. The response was mixed. The issue was discussed again at the meeting and it was agreed that a proposal will be put forward out of session following further consideration by some member economies.
Mr. Shigeru Kimura, General Manager, EDMC/IEEJ made a report on Major Economic Indicators and APEC Energy Database. He urged cooperation of member economies to complete the indicators in order to fill the identified data gaps. He explained the system configuration and also noted the APEC Energy Database website received around 80,000 visits during 2009, illustrating how the database is used widely by analysts and researchers worldwide. Participants were encouraged to continue to use the database and promote its access to other users (for example by providing a link to the EGEDA website).
Mr. Barcelona presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported that the TPES (total primary energy supply) in the APEC region grew at an annual rate of 3.0 percent between 2006 and 2007 while that of GDP was 3.6 percent. He reported also that the TPES in the APEC region has grown at an average growth rate of 2.4 percent from 1992 to 2007 and the TPES/GDP ratio has fallen by 11.2 percent in this period. He also noted the revisions being undertaken to historical data by the CA and the potential for further revisions to improve the consistency of data.
On a global scale, the IEA representative made a point that consideration was being given by a range of international organizations to move to a standard set of definitions for energy flows and products. This move was welcomed by EGEDA members. There was also a further suggestion that consideration be given to use consistent colour coding across different organizations to assist with data management.
There was also a discussion on the distinction between energy intensity and energy efficiency. It was agreed that this issue would be discussed further in the joint meeting of EGEDA and Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC) scheduled for 3rd February 2010.

2. Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI)

Mr. Jean Yves Garnier, Head of Energy Statistics Division, IEA, reported on the world wide situation of the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI). He noted that 2009 was another great year for the development of the JODI Initiative: Regular newsletters were circulated, the JODI website was upgraded, additional flows (imports and exports) were released, two training sessions were organized and political support at the highest level was given to JODI at several high level meetings and conferences. The 7th JODI world Conference took place in Quito, Ecuador in June 2009. The conference was well attended especially by many international oil analysts and experts. This is a clear indication of the success of the usefulness of the JODI initiative: more and more users access the JODI database every month.
In Quito, it was decided to adopt the Maxi JODI questionnaire, extend the initiative to natural gas (Gas JODI) and explore the possibilities to collect annual data on capacity reserves and investment plans. Mr. Garnier ended the presentation by commending each economy for the exceptional work they do to contribute to the initiative which has become the reference success of the producer-consumer dialogue. And once again, JODI will be high on the agenda of the 12th IEF Ministerial Meeting in Cancun, Mexico at the end of March 2010.
Mr. Barcelona reported on the status of the monthly oil data collection in the APEC region and submission to the JODI database. All 21 APEC economies are now submitting the data on a regular basis with 20 economies using the extended questionnaire. There has been an improvement in the timeliness and completeness of data but accuracy and completeness remain ongoing issues for some economies. Economies were therefore encouraged to continue to work to improve the accuracy of their data.
For the monthly natural gas data collection, first Mr. Kimura reported on the background of the monthly natural gas data collection which has been carried out on a regular basis since July 2007, and then he reported the current status of the monthly natural gas data collection in the APEC region. He reported that 9 of the 14 non OECD APEC member economies and all OECD APEC member economies are submitting the data. However, timeliness and completeness of data remain challenging for some economies. He urged cooperation of member economies for improving data quality and timeliness. He added that the CA will continue to support the establishment of an international cooperation scheme on gas data collection similar to JODI. 
To further improve the performance of gas data submission, Japan mentioned that it would be supporting capacity building for interested economies in 2010.
As part of this session, Mr. Baskoro, Director, ELNUSA, Indonesia made a presentation on activity and experience in managing oil and gas data in Indonesia. EGEDA members appreciated ELNUSA’s contribution.

3. Other Activities

Mr. Kimura provided a report on the 8th Energy Statistics Workshop in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in December 2009. The Workshop brought together 50 participants including experts from IEA, IEEJ, IEFS, ASEAN and participants from ASEAN economies and other APEC economies. This workshop was organised by the IEEJ in cooperation with the ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and the PTM, Malaysia.
He pointed out that the workshop was extremely useful in terms of capacity building for energy statisticians in the APEC region. For the future, he suggested to set two courses, one advanced and one basic course to cater for the needs of economies at different stages of energy data development. APEC member economies were asked to consider providing trainers for these courses.
He also reported on the Capacity Building on Energy Statistics in Jakarta, Indonesia on 3 - 5 November 2009. This training involved around 20 Indonesian participants and six trainers from IEEJ, Japan, ABARE, Australia and DEDE, Thailand. He pointed out that this activity was well received by the participants. Mr. Kimura also mentioned that the CA plans to hold two capacity building workshops in 2010 for interested economies.
Mr. Kimura also reported that the 7th International JODI conference on 4 and 5 June 2009 in Quito, Ecuador discussed the proposals for stabilizing the international oil market, as proposed by the Jeddah Energy Meeting on 22 June 2008. This proposal involved the extension of the JODI data base to include future expansion plans for upstream and downstream capacities on an annual basis.
The value and availability of this data collection in APEC member economies were discussed and it was agreed that a proposal would be developed by the CA for EGEDA members’ consideration.

4. APERC’s Research Activities

4a APEC Energy Overview
Ms. Kate Penney, Researcher, APERC, outlined the preparation and content of the ninth edition of the APERC publication entitled “APEC Energy Overview 2009.” She also highlighted the main drivers of energy policy in the APEC region. She stressed the importance of the continued support from member economies in the preparation of the overview. In particular, she requested that member economies provide information on notable energy developments to the EWG in time for the compilation of the Overview. APERC reiterated its willingness to work with all member economies to ensure that the information is as accurate and up-to-date as possible. Ms. Penney informed the meeting that a draft of the APEC Energy Overview would be sent to EGEDA members for comments within the next few weeks. A suggestion was made regarding the possible inclusion of final energy consumption in the overview for APERC’s consideration.

4b Report on Fiscal Year 2010 Research Activities
In fiscal year 2009, APERC conducted two research projects:

1. Energy Efficiency in the APEC Region
Dr. Weerawat Chantanakome, Senior Team Leader, APERC, reported on the background, objectives, principles and guidelines of the APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE). He also reported that the review was undertaken in Chile, New Zealand, Thailand and Viet Nam in 2009. Peru and Chinese Taipei announced their intention to host the PREE in 2010.
It was noted that PREE was one of the core activities of the EWG for the coming years and EGEDA should play a central role given the importance of energy data for the development of policy and best/high performance practices on energy efficiency in member economies. The EGEDA members were encouraged to liaise with relevant officials in their economies to support the PREE activity led by APERC. Dr. Chantanakome also reported that to achieve more effective outcome and supplement the progress of the PREE, the CEEDS (APEC Collaborative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability) project was initiated. The first CEEDS workshop was held in October 2009 in Chinese Taipei and the second one is planned in March 2010 in Tokyo. APERC produced Energy Efficiency Compendium to compare the Energy Efficiency goals, policy measures and action plans in each sector by economy.
EGEDA members suggested that APERC draw on existing information sources available in other fora in undertaking work on energy efficiency. The IEA representative also stressed the importance of basic data to underpin energy efficiency indicators. The need to work in partnership with the business community and to implement a follow-up PREE mechanism through capacity building and technical assistance in developing this project was also highlighted.

2. APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook
As agreed by the EWG, APERC undertakes a comprehensive energy demand and supply outlook for the APEC region every two years. APERC completed and published a revised energy outlook in 2009.
Dr. Ralph Samuelson, Vice President, APERC reported on the background, objectives, major assumptions, key points and policy implications of the new outlook. He noted the uncertainty surrounding the global economic outlook and long-term oil prices as key drivers of the APEC energy sector outlook to 2030. He concluded that under the Business As Usual Scenario oil security remains a major threat to the economy of the APEC region and that growing greenhouse gas emissions are environmentally unsustainable. He added that APERC is planning to follow up on the outlook with an “Alternative Outlook” to examine how the APEC region could achieve a more sustainable energy future.

4c Proposal for Fiscal Year 2010 research themes

Mr. Kenji Kobayashi, President, APERC specified two key areas for research projects to be undertaken by APERC in 2010/11. These are:
A. Energy Efficiency in APEC Region, and
B. Sustainable Energy Future in APEC

Two sub-projects were proposed under A:
A-1 Analysis on High- performance Energy Efficiency Policies/Programs
A-2 Energy saving Potential Study in Various Sectors and Analysis on the Next Steps to realize this Potential

Under B, the following two sub-projects were proposed:
B-1 Alternative Sustainable Energy Outlook
B-2 Analysis on Effective Policies to Promote Low Carbon Energy in APEC

After discussion, EGEDA members agreed the proposals were appropriate and timely, and were responding to EWG and APEC priorities.

4d Discussion of APERC Activities
he chair commended APERC for its achievement in 2009 and he appreciated APERC’s high contribution to energy policy debate in APEC.

5. Other Business

a. EGEDA Project Proposal for APEC Operational Fund for 2010 and 2011
Before presenting the EGEDA project proposal submitted to the APEC Budget Management Committee (BMC) for funding, the chair reported on the changed procedure and more rigid application of budget allocation rules by the APEC BMC. This change affected the budget allocation to EGEDA’s project, specifically in terms of the budget allocated for publications. Given the timing constraints, adjustments to the proposals for 2010 and 2011 were made by the chair out of session.
After discussion, the revised proposals were endorsed by the meeting.
It was suggested that the importance of energy data be reinforced as part of the issues to be considered by APEC Energy Ministers at their next meeting in June 2010.
b. Report on Outlook for Sustainable Energy Development in APEC
On behalf of Japan, Mr. Kensuke Kanekiyo, Managing Director, IEEJ and Advisor, APERC, made a presentation on the Outlook for Sustainable Energy Development in APEC. The presentation highlighted the dominant role of fossil fuels in the APEC region and the importance of technology development and adoption to reduce the carbon intensity of electricity generation, while ensuring energy security. EGEDA members welcomed the presentation with recognition of the importance of smart use of fossil fuels.
c. Next Meeting
Japan offered to host the 22nd EGEDA Meeting in early 2011. The Philippines also expressed its intention to host the 23rd EGEDA Meeting in late 2011. The delegates welcomed these offers.

6. Summary session

A draft of the summary record was discussed and accepted after amendments.
Mr. Matsui expressed his appreciation and thanks to the Government of New Zealand on behalf of all participants.