The 22nd Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 18 to 20 January 2011 in Tokyo, Japan.
The meeting was hosted by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry,
Japan. Mr. Kenichi Matsui, Councilor, Energy Data and Modeling Unit (EDMC),
Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives
from Australia, Hong Kong China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines,
Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand and the United States attended the
meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
were also present. A representative of the International Energy Agency
(IEA) attended the meeting as an observer and guest speaker. The list of
participants is provided in the Annex.
The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Mr. Shinji Kakuno, Director for Natural Resources and Energy Research, International Affairs Division, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan, followed by an opening and thanking address by EGEDA Chair Mr. Kenichi Matsui.
The meeting discussed the following items:
1. APEC Energy Statistics
Mr. Takuya Miyagawa, Senior Researcher from the EDMC/IEEJ which is the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Expert Group, made a report on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2008 and 2009. He noted that while the performance of data submissions from member economies has improved, there are still some problems in terms of timeliness and consistency. He urged members to submit consistent data in a timely manner. He also urged the submission of energy prices data.
Mr. Miyagawa made reports on Quarterly Data for 2009 and 2010 and on CO2 Emissions Data Collection for 2008 and 2009. First, he reported some inconsistency issues between annual data and the sum of quarterly data, which needed to be resolved. In this context, the CA advised that it would welcome the submission of revised quarterly data as these became more accurate over the year. He also reported that the timeliness of submissions has improved. He requested the continuous submission of data by all member economies. Regarding CO2 emissions, he reported that ten APEC economies lack official CO2 emissions data and the CA estimated these based on the energy balance table submitted by the concerned economies. He reported a 0.4 percent growth in CO2 emissions in the APEC region in 2008.
The discussion highlighted developments in economies such as Malaysia and Singapore which would likely lead to improved data from these economies. The public release of CO2 emissions data was also raised and it was agreed that CO2 emissions data will be disclosed by the CA subject to approval by respective economies. It was agreed that the Chair will contact all member economies by email to seek their approval. Where official data are not readily available, these will be estimated by the CA according to internationally established methodologies, and be clearly footnoted as estimates on the website.
Mr. Miyagawa made a report on Major Economic Indicators and the APEC Energy Database. He urged cooperation of member economies to complete the questionnaire in order to fill identified data gaps. Members were also encouraged to check the accuracy of the data and provide revised data where appropriate. The CA will also play a role in identifying and investigating identified data discrepancies, with input from relevant economies. Mr. Miyagawa noted that the APEC Energy Database website received around 85,000 visits in 2010, an increase relative to 2009.
Mr. Edito Barcelona, Senior Researcher, EDMC/IEEJ, presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported that despite APEC's decreasing share in the world population, its share in the world TPES (total primary energy supply) increased from 58.5% in 1992 to 61.1% in 2008. This trend is similar to that of APEC's share of the world GDP which has increased from 59.4% to 60.5% during the same period. The TPES in the APEC region has grown at an average annual growth rate of 2.5 percent from 1992 to 2008, with coal continuing to play a major role particularly for electricity generation. The TPES/GDP ratio has fallen by 10.6 percent over this period and this was mostly due to energy efficiency improvements. He also noted that the APEC energy data needed to be improved and emphasized that the cooperation of member economies will be very important to achieve this goal.
2. Joint Organization Data Initiative (JODI)
Mr. Jean-Yves Garnier, Head of Energy Statistics Division, IEA, reported on the world wide situation of the Joint Organization Data Initiative (JODI).
Mr. Garnier gave a presentation on the main developments associated with the JODI in 2010. He highlighted that it was again a great year in terms of progress on timeliness, sustainability and completeness for all of the 6 JODI partner organizations (APEC, EUROSTAT, IEA, OLADE, OPEC and UNSD) collecting data. 2010 was also marked by the 12th IEF Ministerial Meeting with JODI being praised by many IEF Ministers, a new training session (in Bogota for Latin American countries) and the 1st world JODI gas conference.
Due to the success of JODI Oil, IEF Ministers have asked the 7 organizations to work on JODI Gas and JODI annual data on reserves and production capacities. One of the consequences is the change of the JODI name from Joint Oil Data Initiative to Joint Organization Data Initiative.
He noted that 2011, which will see the 10th Anniversary of the JODI, will be another busy year with the 8th JODI Oil Conference, and the 2nd JODI Gas Conference.
Mr. Barcelona reported on the status of the monthly oil data collection in the APEC region and submission to the JODI database. All 21 APEC economies are now submitting the data on a regular basis using the extended questionnaire. There has been an improvement in the timeliness and completeness of data but accuracy and completeness remain ongoing issues for some economies. Regarding data accuracy, member economies were requested to look into the deviations, identify sources of deviations, find a solution to minimize the deviations, and send revisions to the CA if possible. Member economies submitting only M-1 data to the CA were requested to also submit revised M-2 data. Member economies were also encouraged to fill out the extended questionnaire as much as possible.
Ms. Momoko Aoshima, researcher, EDMC/IEEJ, reported on the current status of the monthly natural gas data collection in the APEC region. She reported that 10 of the 14 non-OECD APEC member economies and all OECD APEC member economies are submitting data. However, timeliness and completeness of data remain challenging for some economies. She urged cooperation of member economies for improving data quality and timeliness.
Mr. Shigeru Kimura, Director of the Energy Data Modeling Center (EDMC), explained the current status of the annual data collection for reserves and future production capacity for oil and gas. To date, 10 of the 21 APEC member economies have responded to this data request using the specific format, with completeness assessed as satisfactory. He urged the remaining economies to send the requested data to the IEEJ as soon as possible. Korea and Thailand responded positively to this request. As part of the discussion, a few definitional issues were raised and clarified. It was agreed that some further work was required to ensure that definitions of energy related terms were clear and commonly understood across all economies.
3. Other Activities
Mr. Barcelona provided a report on the 9th Energy Statistics Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand in November 2010. The workshop brought together 30 participants including experts from the IEA, IEEJ, IEFS and ASEAN, and participants from ASEAN and other APEC economies. This workshop was organized by the IEEJ in cooperation with the ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and the Ministry of Energy, Thailand.
He pointed out that the feedback received suggested that the workshop was very constructive in terms of capacity building for energy statisticians in the APEC region. For the first time, the workshop was split into two parallel sets of courses, one advanced and one basic, to cater for the needs of economies at different stages of energy data development. The advanced course covered energy indicator data preparation and analysis, while the basic course covered hands-on exercises on filling-out the annual APEC energy questionnaire and generation of the energy balance table using the filled-out questionnaire. The participants appreciated the workshop and suggested that actual data of each member economy be used in future hands-on exercises.
Mr. Miyagawa provided a brief summary of the capacity building exercise on energy statistics and data collection undertaken for Viet Nam. An international team of trainers presented their data collection systems and shared their experiences with energy data collection. They also suggested ways to address some of the specific data issues faced by Viet Nam. In 2011，such capacity building exercises are expected to continue with the next capacity building session scheduled to take place in the Philippines in February. The Philippines expressed its appreciation for this training opportunity.
As part of this session, Mr. Shigeru Kimura provided an update on the work being undertaken by the International Energy Statistics Group on the harmonization of energy statistics definitions. A manual with harmonized definitions is expected to be presented by the United Nations in February 2011 for agreement. Once agreed, member economies were encouraged to apply these harmonized definitions in the preparation of their national energy statistics. It is envisaged that the CA will prepare a set of associated training materials for the benefit of APEC member economies.
4. APERC’s Research Activities
4a APEC Energy Overview
Dr. Svetlana Vassiliouk, Researcher, APERC, outlined the preparation and content of the tenth edition of the APERC publication entitled “APEC Energy Overview 2010”. She also highlighted the main drivers of energy policy in the APEC region. She stressed the importance of the continued support from member economies in the preparation of the overview. In particular, she requested that member economies provide information on notable energy developments to the EWG in time for the compilation of the Overview. APERC reiterated its willingness to work with all member economies to ensure that the information is as accurate and up-to-date as possible.
4b Report on Fiscal Year 2010 Research Activities
In fiscal year 2010, APERC conducted two research projects:
1. Energy Efficiency in the APEC Region
Dr. Weerawat Chantanakome, Senior Team Leader, APERC, reported on the background, objectives, principles and mechanisms of the APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE). He also reported the findings of the reviews in Chile, New Zealand, Thailand and Viet Nam which were undertaken in 2009, and in Chinese Taipei, Peru and Malaysia which were undertaken in 2010. Across all these 7 economies, the review supported the need to expand the implementation of national energy efficiency policies, as well as the provision of incentives to promote financial instruments to encourage investment in energy efficiency.
Dr. Chantanakome also reported that to achieve more effective outcomes and supplement the progress of the PREE, the CEEDS (APEC Collaborative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability) project was undertaken. The CEEDS Phase 1 and Phase 2 were held in Chinese Taipei in 2009, and in Thailand and Hong Kong, China in 2010 respectively. Phase 1 was focused on Appliance EE Standards and Labeling while Phase 2 was on Building Energy Efficiency Codes and Labeling. The first CEEDS Phase 3 workshop is tentatively planned for September 2011 with a focus on the transport sector.
2. APEC Energy Outlook and Sustainable Future
Dr. Ralph Samuelson, Vice President, APERC, reported on the background and objectives of the report “Pathways to Energy Sustainability”. The report was designed to address the following questions:
- What intensity goal can APEC achieve with the current policies?
- What intensity goal does APEC need to achieve?
- What intensity goal do APEC economies currently pledge to achieve?
The report concluded that APEC economies were likely to surpass the aspirational goal of a 25% reduction in energy intensity between 2005 and 2030 under current policies. It suggested that a 450 PPM scenario would be needed to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2℃ above pre-industrial levels. This would translate into a reduction in energy intensity of around 50% over the period 2005 to 2030. The report suggested that this outcome would be possible with current pledges by APEC economies and sufficient cooperation in terms of knowledge sharing and capacity building.
The Group took this opportunity to discuss the appropriateness of targeting
energy intensity as a way of achieving a sustainable energy future.
4c Proposal for Fiscal Year 2011-2012 research activities
Mr. Kenji Kobayashi, President, APERC presented research activities to be undertaken by APERC in 2011/12.
1. Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 3
2. Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS) Phase 3
3. Peer Review on Low-Carbon Energy Supply (PRLCE) Phase 1
4. 5th Edition of APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook
5. Assessment of potential for reducing APEC-wide energy intensity
APERC noted that the PRLCE would cover renewable energy, nuclear energy and fossil fuels with carbon capture and storage technologies, and that it would work closely with volunteer economies in determining the priority issues to be addressed as part of their respective PRLCE. APERC also stated that in undertaking the peer reviews, it would draw on the expertise of other relevant EWG Expert Groups. Members raised the importance of follow-up peer reviews focused on the implementation of key recommendations and the sharing of experiences among peer reviewed economies.
In relation to the demand and supply outlook, Mr. Kobayashi advised that each member economy will have the opportunity to review the outlook for their respective economy, prior to the publication of the outlook report expected in early 2012.
In undertaking the assessment of the potential to reduce APEC-wide energy intensity, APERC`s intention is to consider 3 scenarios: a Business as Usual scenario; a scenario looking at current pledges by APEC economies, and a 450 PPM scenario.
4d Discussion on APERC Activities
The APERC proposals were generally assessed as appropriate, timely, and responding to the EWG and APEC priorities.
The Chair commended APERC for its achievement in 2010 and expressed his appreciation for APERC’s excellent contribution to the energy policy debate in APEC.
5. Other Business
a. EGEDA Project Proposal for APEC Operational Fund for 2011 and 2012
The Chair reported on the process for the submission of project proposals and the selection of the projects to be funded by the APEC funds at EWG meetings and APEC BMC meetings. He requested the understanding of EGEDA members for proposing the Operation of APEC Energy Database and Analysis project without the advance approval of EGEDA members. This was not feasible given the newly established process and timing for the submission of APEC project proposals. He reported that an increased budget of US$ 10,000 was approved for the publication of the APEC Energy Statistics report and handbook in 2011.
b. Change of Terms of Reference
The Chair proposed several minor amendments to EGEDA`s Terms of Reference to reflect recent developments． These were accepted by the meeting participants.
c. Election of the Chair
Mr. Kenichi Matsui was reelected for the coming term.
d. Next Meeting
The Philippines offered to host the 23rd EGEDA Meeting on 9-11 November 2011 in Cebu. The delegates welcomed the offer.
6. Summary session
A draft of the summary record was discussed and accepted after amendments.
Mr. Matsui expressed his appreciation and thanks to the Government of Japan on behalf of all participants.