The 23rd Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 9 to 11 November 2011 in Cebu, Philippines.
The meeting was hosted by the Department of Energy, the Philippines. Professor
Kenichi Matsui, Councilor, Energy Data and Modeling Unit (EDMC), Institute
of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives from
Australia, Brunei Darussalam, People’s Republic of China, Indonesia, Japan,
Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Chinese Taipei attended the
meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
were also present. A representative of the International Energy Agency
(IEA) attended the meeting as an observer and guest speaker. The list of
participants is provided in the Annex.
The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Atty. Josefina Patricia
M. Asirit, Undersecretary, Department of Energy, the Philippines, followed
by an opening and thanking address by EGEDA Chair Professor Kenichi Matsui.
The meeting discussed the following items:
Report from EWG Meetings
Both the EGEDA Chair and Vice-Chair presented key relevant issues discussed
at EWG41 in May 2011 and EWG42 in October 2011. It was highlighted by the
Vice-Chair that during EWG41 in Vancouver, Canada, EWG members expressed
their interest in the collection of data on coal, biofuels and CO2 emissions.
Further, multi-year funding for APEC projects was also discussed. The Chair
stressed that at EWG42 in Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei, EWG members agreed
on a recommendation to SOM regarding an APEC-wide advance goal to reduce
energy intensity for SOM’s consideration before the APEC Leaders’ Summit
in Hawaii, USA in November 2011.
1. APEC Energy Statistics
Annual Energy Data Collection for 2009-2010, Quarterly Data Collection for 2010-2011, CO2 Emission Data Collection for 2009
Mr. Takuya Miyagawa, Senior Researcher from the EDMC/IEEJ, which is the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Expert Group, made a report on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2009 and 2010. He noted that the completeness of the data has improved. He asked the cooperation of the member economies to revise the historical data. He then reported on Quarterly Data for 2010 and 2011 and on CO2 Emissions Data Collection for 2009 and 2010. For the quarterly data collection, he reported that timeliness has improved but completeness could be enhanced, especially in terms of stock change data for coal, oil and gas. He asked member economies to pay attention to the consistency between energy data and CO2 emissions data. He also asked those economies which don’t have official CO2 emission data to submit high quality energy balance table data since the CA estimates CO2 emissions are based on the energy balance table. The meeting suggested that remarks be placed as “estimate based on the EBT” rather than “no official data”. The CA agreed to combine the annual questionnaire with the CO2 emissions questionnaire.
Major Economic Indicators and the APEC Energy Database
Mr. Miyagawa made a report on Major Economic Indicators and the APEC Energy Database.
The issue of price data availability, including energy subsidies, was raised. Members were informed that the EWG agreed to a recommendation to the SOM on a voluntary reporting system for inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.
Mr. Miyagawa noted that the APEC Energy Database website received around 85,000 visits in 2010.
APEC Energy Supply-Demand Trends
Mr. Miyagawa, Senior Researcher, EDMC/IEEJ, presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported that despite APEC's decreasing share in the world population, its share in the world TPES (total primary energy supply) increased from 52.8% in 1990 to 55.8% in 2009. This trend is similar to that of APEC's share in the world GDP which has increased from 59.0% to 60.7% during the same period. The TPES/GDP ratio has fallen by 10.6 percent over this period.
2. Joint Organization Data Initiative (JODI)
The Joint Organisations Data Initiative Progress in 2011
Ms. Mieke Reece, Head of Oil and Gas Section, IEA, reported on the world wide situation of the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI). It was highlighted that JODI received significant political support which contributed to its success.
The “New JODI Family” was separately discussed by Ms. Reece – i.e. JODI Oil, JODI Gas and JODI Data. She noted that 2011 was the 10th Anniversary of the JODI, and another busy year with the 8th JODI Oil Conference in Beijing. The 2nd JODI Gas Conference will be held in Qatar in early 2012.
The 3rd JODI Oil data quality assessment is being undertaken by an independent consultant. The assessment, focusing largely on data comparability, is expected to be finalised by the end of 2011, and will be sent for review to economies where significant data quality issues are identified.
Based on users’ assessment of the JODI database, the main priority areas for improvement include data coverage, timeliness, data quality, visualization of data updates and the development of metadata.
Progress of JODI Oil in APEC
Mr. Barcelona, Senior Coordinator, EDMC/IEEJ, reported on the status of monthly oil data collection in the APEC region and submission to the JODI Oil database. Twenty APEC economies are submitting data on a regular basis using the extended questionnaire with the occasional non-submission of data by some economies. He also noted the importance of making a clear distinction between legitimate “(0)” and “NA- not available’.
There has been an improvement in the timeliness and completeness of data but accuracy and completeness remain ongoing issues for some economies. Regarding data accuracy, member economies were requested to look into the deviations, identify sources of deviations, find a solution to minimize the deviations, and send revisions to the CA if possible.
The CA agreed to provide an APEC wide picture of the performance of all economies for JODI Oil.
Progress of JODI Gas in APEC
Mr. Barcelona reported on the current status of monthly natural gas data collection in the APEC region. He reported that 17 of the 21 APEC member economies are submitting data. Timeliness and completeness of data have improved.
Reserve and Future Capacity
Mr. Shigeru Kimura, Senior Research Fellow, EDMC/IEEJ, reported on the current status of the annual data collection for reserves and future production capacity for oil and gas. To date, 9 of the 21 APEC member economies have responded to this data request using the specified format, with completeness assessed as satisfactory. He urged the remaining economies to send the requested data to the IEEJ as soon as possible. He also reported that the JODI organisations will seek a stronger commitment on this data collection by the Energy Ministers who will participate in the 13th IEF Ministerial Meeting to be held on 12-13 March 2012 in Kuwait. The CA agreed to combine the annual questionnaire with the reserve and future capacity questionnaire.
3. Other Activities
Mr. Kimura reported that the 10th Energy Statistics Workshop will be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in December 2011 and the Capacity Building on Energy Statistics for Brunei Darussalam will be held on 24-26 January 2012. Member Economies were encouraged to send their energy experts as volunteer trainers to both activities. The Philippines was requested to present the methodology used in their ongoing Household Energy Consumption Survey.
Capacity Building on Energy Statistics & Energy Database Development for the Philippines
Mr. Salvador M. Salire, Jr. of the Philippines Department of Energy reported and expressed appreciation for the support of the CA and APEC economies for the Capacity Building on Energy Statistics and the Energy Database Development in the Philippines. The Capacity Building on Energy Statistics held in February 2011 provided DOE units and relevant government agencies with an understanding of technologies and platforms used in generating energy statistics of member economies. The Capacity Building on Energy Database Development provided an overview of database technology and applications that can be utilised by DOE to develop and institutionalise its own energy database.
Global Definitions for Energy Statistics
Ms. Reece of IEA presented the Global Definitions for Energy Statistics. She provided a brief background to the InterEnerStat initiative and the web based system for harmonised energy definitions. InterEnerStat definitions have been approved by the UN Statistical Commission. The final web version of International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES) will be ready by end of 2011 to support energy policy and energy analysis.
Proposed Changes to APEC JODI Oil Questionnaire
Mr. Barcelona presented a proposal to add biofuels data to the APEC JODI Oil Questionnaire in response to the request of the EWG, and to add the reporting of all petroleum products. After discussions, the meeting agreed that the proposal be further assessed and that a workshop be conducted to consider revisions to the reporting format. A revised proposal will be tabled at the next EGEDA meeting.
Proposed Revision of Questionnaires and Definitions for Annual Energy Data
Mr. Miyagawa presented proposed revisions to the questionnaires and definitions for the annual energy data. In the oil questionnaire, the proposed revisions would expand data on non-energy use, import/export origins and destinations, and “bio-jet kerosene”. In the gas questionnaire, the proposed revisions would expand data on unconventional gases such as “shale gas” and “coal seam gas” and import/export origins and destinations. In the coal questionnaire, the proposed revisions would expand data import/export origins and destinations. After deliberations, the meeting agreed that a workshop be conducted for thorough discussion of proposed changes for both definitions and reporting format. A revised proposal will be tabled at the next EGEDA meeting.
Proposals on Revision of Questionnaires and Definitions in APEC Region
Mr. Kimura presented proposed revisions to the annual questionnaires and definitions in order to harmonise with IEA’s revisions to coal, oil, gas, electricity and renewable energy questionnaires. IEA member countries have approved several revisions and these will be applied to the IEA questionnaires in 2013. After deliberation, the meeting agreed that further review of the proposal is needed and that a revised proposal be tabled at the next EGEDA meeting. The Chair instructed the CA to officially submit revised proposals for the consideration of member economies.
4. APERC’s Research Activities
Session 4. A. Ms. Gayathiri Bragatheswaran of APERC presented Progress on APEC Energy
The key points in her presentation were as follows:
- A key objective of the publication is to provide information sharing for policy makers on energy policy measures used in APEC economies to promote energy efficiency, renewable energy, energy security and sustainable energy development.
- The project needs continued cooperation from all APEC member economies, with further assistance required from certain economies.
- The publication is expected to be published online in March 2012.
Session 4. B. Dr. Bing-Chwen Yang of APERC presented a report on progress of PREE, CEEDS
Eight APEC economies have already hosted the Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE). The first Follow-up PREE is planned to be hosted by Viet Nam in March 2012.
Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS) Phase 1, Phase 2 and Phase 3 covered Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling, Building Energy Efficiency Codes and Labeling, and Energy Efficient Urban Passenger Transportation, respectively.
Malaysia and Thailand are expected to host the Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Supply (PRLCE) in the first half of 2012.
Dr. Ralph D. Samuelson of APERC presented a progress report on the 5th Edition of APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook. The key points in his presentation were as follows:
- APERC’s major research project is currently the preparation of the APEC
Energy Demand & Supply Outlook 5th Edition, which will provide a 25-year
(2010-2035) projection of APEC’s energy situation;
- In line with previous Outlooks, the Outlook 5th Edition is expected to
consist of two volumes, with Volume 1 focused on the outlook for various
sectors, while Volume 2 focuses on the outlook for each APEC economy;
- Major improvements in the Outlook 5th Edition will include a new set of
models designed to offer more detailed results, the ability to deal with
alternative scenarios, and reusability in future editions of the Outlook;
- The models currently have been developed and tested, and Business-As-Usual
cases have been run for most APEC economies.
Mr. Kenji Kobayashi, President of APERC, and Dr. Samuelson presented the proposed 2012 APERC Activities.
Mr. Kobayashi presented the proposals for Phase 4 of PREE, Phase 4 of CEEDS and Phase 2 of PRLCE.
1) PREE Phase 4
In PREE Phase 4, Brunei Darussalam has expressed its interest in hosting the 10th PREE in early 2013. Thailand has expressed its interest in hosting the 2nd Follow-up PREE in late 2012 or early 2013. Follow-up PREEs are designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the recommendations made by the PREE review teams.
2) CEEDS Phase 4
In CEEDS Phase 4, the focus will be on how to develop Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) to promote energy efficiency considering the conditions in different member economies.
3) PRLCE Phase 2
In PRLCE Phase 2, two additional economies are expected to host the PRLCE. The Philippines and Indonesia have indicated their interest in hosting PRLCE.
Dr. Samuelson presented the working plan to finalise and publish the fifth edition of the APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook.
The key points in his presentation were as follows:
- Outlook 5th Edition may consider alternative case or cases in addition
to the standard “Business-As-Usual” case;
- Alternative case(s) should provide APEC policymakers with useful suggestions
for meeting the energy challenges facing the APEC economies and to demonstrate
the benefits that alternative policies might have;
- APERC is currently beginning the process of defining what these alternative
case(s) might be;
- Three cases are currently being considered: ‘business-as-usual’, ’current
pledges’, which would add the economy government’s own proposals, and plans
for policy changes, and a ‘sustainable development’ scenario;
- The sustainable development scenario might consider policies that each
economy could adopt if their policymakers, experts, and general public
shared a passion for improving energy security and reducing the environmental
impacts of energy; and
- APERC is currently evaluating their workplan, but plans to complete the
Outlook 5th Edition by the end of 2012.
After discussion on the proposals for 2012 APERC activities, the Chair concluded that the research activities proposed by APERC were timely, appropriate and responding to EWG’s requests. The Chair also expressed his appreciation for the excellent work undertaken by APERC in supporting policy development in APEC.
5. Other Business
a. EGEDA project proposal for funding from the APEC Operational Account for 2012/2013
The Chair reported that the project proposal for 2012/2013 was approved by the EWG42.
b. APEC Multi-Year Projects
The chair explained the background of this issue and the reasons why EGEDA’s proposal “Operation of APEC Energy Database and Analysis” was appropriate for submission as a multi-year project proposal. He explained the criteria for multi-year projects and requested information on labour costs from members to allow for a more comprehensive assessment of whether this proposal would meet all the required criteria for multi-year funding. The CA was requested to design a questionnaire to collect relevant information from members by end of January 2012.
c. Next Meeting
Republic of Korea offered to host the 24th EGEDA Meeting in October 2012 in Jeju Island. The delegates welcomed the offer.
6. Summary session
A draft of the summary record was discussed and adopted after amendments.
Professor Matsui expressed his appreciation and thanks to the Philippine Government on behalf of all participants.