Meeting Summary

The 24th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis
Jeju Island, Republic of Korea, 10-12 October 2012

The 24th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 10 to 12 October 2012 in Jeju Island, Republic of Korea.

The meeting was hosted by the Korea Energy Economics Institute, Korea. Professor Kenichi Matsui, Councilor, Energy Data and Modeling Unit (EDMC), Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives from Brunei Darussalam; People’s Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; the Philippines; Singapore; Thailand and Chinese Taipei attended the meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) were also present. A representative of the International Energy Agency (IEA) attended the meeting as an observer and guest speaker. The list of participants is provided in the Annex.

The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Dr. Jin-Woo Kim, President of the Korea Energy Economics Institute, followed by an opening and thanking address by EGEDA Chair Professor Kenichi Matsui.

After the adoption of the agenda, the Chair briefed on the key issues of the Energy Working Group (EWG) including natural gas, nuclear, renewable energy, energy intensity, promotion of technology advancement and rational use of energy. He highlighted the increasing number of project proposals both to the APEC fund and self-funded. This reflects the growing importance of the energy security in the world and specifically in the APEC region as emphasized at the 20th APEC Economic Leaders Meeting in Vladivostok in September 2012.

The meeting discussed the following items:

Session 1: APEC Energy Statistics

Annual Energy Data Collection for 2009-2010, Quarterly Data Collection for 2010-2011, CO2 Emission Data Collection for 2009

Mr. Takuya Miyagawa, Senior Researcher from the EDMC/IEEJ, which is the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Expert Group, reported on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2010 and 2011. He noted that the completeness of the data has improved. He then reported on Quarterly Data for 2011 and 2012 and on CO2 Emissions Data Collection for 2010 and 2011. For the quarterly data collection, he reported that timeliness has improved but completeness could be enhanced, especially in terms of stock change data for coal, oil and natural gas. Regarding the CO2 data, he asked those economies which submitted the data to attain consistency between CO2 emission data and energy data. He also asked those economies who do not have CO2 emission data to submit high quality data for the energy balance table, as this is used by the CA to estimate CO2 emissions.

The CA encouraged the Philippines to resume the quarterly data collection activity.
The Philippines reassures EGEDA that they will continue to support and ensure timely submission of quarterly data.
Brunei requested that the CA send the format for Energy Price Data.

Major Economic Indicators and the APEC Energy Database

Mr. Miyagawa, Senior Researcher, EDMC/IEEJ, made a report on the Major Economic Indicators and the APEC Energy Database. He noted that the APEC Energy Database website received around 70,000 visits in 2011 and 39,000 in the period January to August 2012.

Japan reiterated the importance of timely submissions of data which shows the accurate yearly changes as well as the consistency between demand and supply. Japan also supports the capacity building activities through IEEJ which respond to requests from EGEDA members.

APEC Energy Supply-Demand Trends

Mr. Miyagawa presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported that despite APEC's decreasing share in the world population, its share in the world TPES (total primary energy supply) increased from 52.8% in 1990 to 56.2% in 2010. This trend is similar to that of APEC's share in world GDP which has increased from 59.4% to 60.8% during the same period. The TPES/GDP ratio has fallen by 12 percent over this period.

Session 2: The Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI)

The Joint Organisations Data Initiative Progress in 2012

Ms. Mieke Reece, Head of Oil and Gas Section, IEA, reported on the world wide situation of the Joint Organization Data Initiative (JODI). She briefed on the 13th International Energy Forum (IEF) Meeting in Kuwait in March 2012 and on the 2nd Gas Data Transparency Conference in Doha in May 2012. She also reported that the main priority areas for improvement include data coverage, timeliness, data quality, visualization of data updates and the development of metadata based on users’ assessment of the JODI database.

Japan introduced the result of the first LNG Producer Consumer Conference, jointly hosted by Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan and APERC, held in Tokyo in September 2012 and emphasized on the importance of the JODI activities at EGEDA.

Progress of JODI Oil in APEC

Ms. Momoko Aoshima, Senior Economist, EDMC/IEEJ, reported on the status of the monthly oil data collection in the APEC region and the submissions to the JODI Oil database. Twenty APEC economies are submitting data on a regular basis using the extended questionnaire with occasional non-submission by some economies. She also noted the importance of making a clear distinction between legitimate “(0)-zero data points” and “NA- not available’. Regarding the accuracy of the data, member economies were requested to look into the deviations, identify sources of deviations, find a solution to minimize the deviations, and send revisions to the CA. The CA will provide member economies with a quality assessment which was carried out by an independent consultant on their JODI Oil data by the end of 2012.
She also reported the trial collection of monthly bio-fuel data. It was decided that the exercise will be continued for a further 6 months and that it will be re-assessed at that point.

As Thailand did not receive the bio-fuel questionnaire, they requested that it will be sent to them.

Progress of JODI Gas in APEC

Ms. Aoshima reported on the current status of monthly natural gas data collection in the APEC region. She reported that timeliness has improved, as for completeness, 6 economies out of 10 non-OECD member economies are fair.

Singapore will discuss with the administrative office currently in charge of JODI submissions on the requirement for JODI Gas data.

Reserve and Future Capacity Data

Mr. Kimura, Senior Research Fellow of IEEJ, pointed out that this data collection became a regular reporting system and that it will be combined with the annual energy data collection. Two kinds of collection format will be introduced, one for including the 2009 data on reserve and future capacity data, and the other form blank. He emphasized that the deadline for this data collection will be the end of March 2013, the same as for the CO2 emission data collection.

Session 3: Other Activities

The APEC Statistics Workshop

Mr. Kimura introduced the outline of the coming 11th APEC Energy Statistics Workshop in the latter half of January 2013 in the ASEAN region.
Dr. Choi Moon Sun, KEEI, reported on the CEIS/KEEI Workshop on Energy Statistics which was held in Seoul, Korea on 9 October 2012.
Mr. Kam, EMSD, announced the Energy Statistics Capacity Building Workshop to be held in Hong Kong, China on 15-16 October 2012.
Japan expressed its support for the APEC statistics workshop to be held in Bangkok next January and these two workshops as a way to strengthen the capacity of energy statisticians in the region and encouraged other economies to organize similar workshops.
Malaysia requested that a session on CO2 emission estimation be included in the energy statistics workshops.

Revision of Questionnaires and Definitions for Annual Energy Data

Ms. Reece reported on the revisions to the Annual Energy Questionnaires by the IEA. These revisions will be applicable for the submission of energy data in 2013 (2012 data).

Mr. Miyagawa proposed revisions to the APEC questionnaires and definitions for the annual energy data. For the oil questionnaire, he proposed to include data on non-energy use, and to include the production of petroleum products from natural gas. For the natural gas questionnaire, he proposed to include data on unconventional gases such as “shale gas” and “coal seam gas”. Moreover, some additional tables on “LNG Production”, “LNG Regassification” and “Gas-to-Liquids Production” will be added. For the oil, natural gas and coal questionnaires, he proposed to expand the import/export origins and destinations.
After discussion, it was agreed to use the proposed questionnaires on a trial basis in 2013, after which the situation will be assessed.

Session 4: APERC’s Research Activities

APEC Energy Overview

Mr. Goichi Komori of APERC announced that the APEC Energy Overview 2012 will be published online in March 2013. The key objective of the publication is to share information with APEC policymakers on energy data and energy policy measures for sustainable energy development. The necessity of continued support from all APEC member economies was emphasized. The Chair highly appreciated the quality and importance of the annual APEC Energy Overview and requested continued cooperation from member economies.

Energy Efficiency and Clean Energy Supply in the APEC Region

Dr. Kazutomo Irie of APERC presented a report on the progress of PREE, CEEDS, PRLCE and LCMT. At this EGEDA Meeting, the APEC Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project was introduced for the first time. Phase 1 was successfully completed in November 2011 for Tianjin Yujiapu, China. Phase 2 is in progress for Samui Island, Thailand.
For CEEDS Phase 4 on ESCO, it was confirmed that financial issues would be indispensible in discussing the promotion of ESCO Industry. Although it has not yet been decided which are the host economies of PRLCE Phase 2, it was proposed that Malaysia, Indonesia or Viet Nam could be possible candidates as nuclear power is a future possibility of clean energy supply in these economies. Economies are invited to volunteer for next Phases of PREE and LCMT.

APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook

Dr. Aishah Mohd Isa of APERC presented a progress report on the 5th Edition of APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook. This Outlook will provide a 25-year (2010-2035) projection of APEC’s energy situation to be published late 2012. Volume 1 is on the projection for various sectors, Volume 2 includes an outlook for each APEC economy. The Outlook will cover BAU scenario and three alternative scenarios on High Gas, Urban Planning, and Virtual Clean Car Race.

The Chair pointed out that the APEC Outlook should be specific to APEC and different from other outlooks such as World Energy Outlook by IEA. Consequently participants are invited to give ideas for scenarios to be included in the 6th Edition.

Proposal for 2013 Research Activities

Mr. Takato Ojimi, the president of APERC made proposals for 2013 APERC activities. He mentioned that APERC would take on a new task: APEC Oil and Gas Security Exercises. This would be in addition to existing projects. The Chair reminded APERC that historical reviews would be essential to the Oil and Gas Security Exercises. The possibility of mobilizing focal points of each economy for emergency data collection in EGEDA activities was suggested.

Japan explained the Security Exercises Initiative, which was proposed by Japan at the EMM10 and it was agreed that EWG and APERC be given the task of executing this exercise.

After the presentation by APERC, the proposals for 2013 APERC activities were discussed and supported by the EGEDA group. However, it was also suggested that this could lead to an increasing burden of work for APERC. The Chair concluded that the research activities proposed by APERC were timely and responding to EWG’s requests. The Chair also stressed the fair balance between research activities and cooperative projects, and pointed out the necessity of prioritizing and streamlining of APERC activities. The Chair expressed his appreciation for the excellent work undertaken by APERC in supporting policy development in APEC.

Session 5: Other Business

EGEDA project proposal for funding from the APEC Operational Account for 2013

The Chair elaborated on the new proposal. He reported that EGEDA’s proposal for 2013 had been rejected at Session 2 of the Budget and Management Committee (BMC) in June but that the proposal will be re-discussed at Session 3 of the BMC meeting in October.

APEC Multi-Year Projects

The Chair is currently investigating the feasibility for applying for multi-year projects. He highlighted that two criteria needed to be met: the financial contribution of the developing economies and that two APEC Fora needed to be involved. The Chair summed up the current situation in saying that multi-year projects deserved to be pursued, and that efforts to obtain multi-year project status will be continued.

Next Meeting

Thailand offered to host the 25th EGEDA Meeting after October 2013. The delegates welcomed the offer.

Session 6: Summary session

A draft of the summary record was discussed and adopted after amendments.

The Chair expressed on behalf of all participants appreciation and thanks to the Korean Government and to the Korea Energy Economics Institute (KEEI).