The 27th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 1 to 3 September 2015 in Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei.
The meeting was hosted by the Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei. Mr. Shigeru Kimura, Senior Research Fellow, Energy Data and Modelling Center (EDMC), Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives from People's Republic of China, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and Thailand attended the meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) and Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET) were also present. A representative from the International Energy Agency (IEA) attended the meeting as a guest speaker. The list of participants is provided in the Annex.
The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Mr. Chi-Liang Tsai, Deputy Director of Planning Division, Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei, followed by an opening and thanking address by the Chair, Mr. Shigeru Kimura.
The meeting discussed the following items:
Brief on Key Relevant Issues of EWG49 and EGNRET44
Mr. Kimura, the Chair of EGEDA, reported issues discussed in EWG49, which was held in Gyeongju on 22-26 June 2015, hosted by Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy of Korea.
Mr. Takuya Miyagawa, Senior Researcher from the APERC/ESTO, which is the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Expert Group, reported on CA's participation in the EGNRET44 held on 13-14 April, 2015 in Laoag, Philippines. Mr. Miyagawa summarized the two discussions in the meeting, Trend of Renewables under Low Oil Price Circumstances and Toward RE Doubling Goal by 2030.
Mr. Miyagawa reported on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2013. He noted that 5 member economies have not submitted their annual data. He reported on Quarterly Data for 2014 and 2015 and on CO2 Emissions Data and Energy Price Data Collection for 2013. For the quarterly data collection, he reported that completeness could be enhanced, especially in terms of stock change data for coal, oil and natural gas. Regarding the CO2 data, he reported that 8 economies submitted their official CO2 emissions data.
Mr. Miyagawa made a report on the APEC Energy Database. He noted that the APEC Energy Database website received around 67,000 visits in 2014.
Overview of Energy Statistics
Mr. Miyagawa presented an overview of the APEC energy supply and demand situation as preliminary information because CA is still processing the APEC energy data in 2013. He reported APEC's energy trend of total primary supply, energy production, self-sufficiency ratio, power generation and final consumption.
EGEDA Training Program on Energy Statistics
Mr. Edito Barcelona, Senior Coordinator, APERC/ESTO reported on the EGEDA Training Program on Energy Statistics. He explained the purpose, training courses offered, financial support provided by CA, middle-term training course in 2014 and the forthcoming middle-term training course in 2015 as well as the just-concluded short-term training course. Mr. Barcelona also mentioned that the training program will continue and in 2016, CA hopes to receive trainees from Chile, Indonesia and Peru as these economies are currently not able to submit JODI data. Chinese Taipei requested and CA agreed to post the training materials in the short-term training course at the EGEDA web-site.
Progress of the Joint Organisations Data Initiative in the World
Mr. Duncan Millard, Chief Statistician, IEA, reported on the global situation of the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI). He gave an update on JODI events, opportunities and challenges, the assessment of participation in JODI Oil through the years and future activities. He mentioned the JODI past events and the forthcoming JODI training to be held in Trinidad and Tobago in October. He stated that JODI has improved transparency, increased communication and exchanges among organizations and countries as well as raised the importance of energy statistics. However, he mentioned that challenges remains especially on timeliness, confidentiality and data accuracy. On JODI Gas, Mr. Millard reported that 80 countries/economies are already participating covering 90% of the global natural gas supply and demand. On behalf of JODI partners, Mr. Millard thanked Mr. Kimura for his work on JODI.
Progress of JODI in APEC
Mr. Barcelona, Senior Coordinator, APERC/ESTO and EDMC/IEEJ, reported on the status of JODI Oil and JODI Gas in the APEC region. Only 16 of the 21 APEC member economies are currently submitting data on a regular basis as Chile and Indonesia stopped submitting data from January 2015, Peru from April 2014, Papua New Guinea from September 2014 and Viet Nam from September 2010 due to a variety of reasons, one of which is personnel movement. However, Mr. Barcelona emphasized on the improving timeliness of submission as more and more economies were submitting within two months after the end of the month. To ensure accuracy of JODI data, the CA checks the data as soon as they are received and requests member economies to review the data when inconsistencies are observed.
Mr. Miyagawa presented the conceptual idea of web-based data entry system to replace the present data collection method using emails. The meeting agreed on the basic idea. CA will show a pilot version of the system that is compatible with the present questionnaires at the next energy statistics workshop in March 2016. IEA offered support and advice as required.
Dr. Keng-Tung Wu of EGENRET Secretariat reported on EGNRET activities in 2015-2016, including EGNRET44 held in April 2015 in Laoag, Philippines. He also reported on the expert group's on-going and completed projects. Dr. Wu also explained about the background of Renewable Energy (RE) Doubling Goal, and the role of EGNRET in this goal. Future actions will be carried out by EGNRET including conducting APEC-IRENA Work Plan proposed by the USA, and proposing an initiative with projects related to filling the gaps in reaching the RE doubling goal. EGNRET will also continue to work with EGEDA to track the progress of the doubling goal.
The IEA Energy Efficiency Indicators Template
Mr. Millard of IEA gave a presentation on Tracking progress and assessing impacts of energy efficiency: the IEA experience. He cited the importance of monitoring and evaluation to understand what happens as a result of policy implementation. He discussed how energy indicators can be used and how data for energy end-use can be collected. He mentioned that it is a very challenging work but IEA has prepared two manuals on energy efficiency indicators which could help countries with methodologies. These manuals can be downloaded from the IEA website.
Two Data Collection Exercises
Mr. Miyagawa presented a plan to implement the two data collection exercises using the APEC Energy Efficiency Template and Revised APEC New and Renewable Questionnaire. The meeting agreed on the following tentative schedule;
APERC Energy Outlook 6th Edition
Ms. Cecilia Tam, Deputy Vice President, APERC, reported on the progress of preparation of APERC Energy Outlook 6th Edition. Ms. Tam presented the business-as-usual scenario projections and preliminary results of the alternative scenario analysis. She requested EGEDA members to send their feedback to the draft APERC Outlook Volume II (economy outlook chapters) that will be circulated in end of October/early November and for Volume I to be circulated for review by the end of November. Comments are requested to be submitted by the end of November (Volume II) and end of the year (Volume I). The planned release of the energy outlook publication will be in Spring 2016.
APEC Energy Overview
The APEC Energy Overview is a commitment of APERC to EGEDA and consequently to EWG. It describes the respective APEC economies' energy profile as well as current energy issues. Ms. Tam reported that first drafts of the 2015 edition will be completed by the end of January 2016 and will be circulated for the first time to APEC member economies by the 2nd week of March 2016 for comments. Second round editing will be done if necessary and will be circulated again for final comments by the end of April 2016. The PDF version should be published on the APERC website by the end of May 2016.
Monitoring APEC Energy Intensity Goal
APEC has adopted a goal of reducing APEC-wide energy intensity by 45% between 2005 and 2035. Ms. Tam of APERC mentioned that APERC made three measures of energy intensity such as: primary energy intensity, final energy intensity and final energy intensity excluding non-energy use. Based on the continuation of trends for final energy intensity and final energy intensity excluding non-energy use, APEC is in line to achieve the APEC-wide goal.
Improving APEC Historical Annual Data for APERC Outlook Analysis
Mr. Barcelona, presented on CA's plan to improve the APEC historical energy data for APERC energy outlook analysis. He cited inconsistencies and data gaps in APEC annual energy data that needs to be revised. He requested member economies' cooperation in this effort.
Mr. Masazumi Hirono, the Head of APERC/ESTO, informed of coming events in EGEDA over the next 6 months, including participation in EGNRET45, EWG50 and JODI related activities and mission trips to member economies and Energy Statistics Training/Workshop in APEC region. Mr. Millard of IEA informed of coming events in IEA, including InerEnerStat which will be held in September 2015, and the Annual Energy Statistics Meeting.
EGEDA Terms of Reference (TOR) and Designation of EGEDA Acting Chair
Due to the transfer of the role of CA from the Energy Data and Modelling Center of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (EDMC/IEEJ) to the Energy Statistics and Training Office of APERC (APERC/ESTO), the Chair informed the meeting of the changes that were made on the EGEDA TOR. Likewise, due to the Chair's retirement from IEEJ, the meeting agreed to Mr. Kimura's suggestion that Mr. Hirono of APERC/ESTO is designated as acting Chair of EGEDA. The delegates from member economies supported the Chair's suggestion.
Ms. Ernny Erniati Mohd Sayuti, Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water, Malaysia, announced that Malaysia will host the 28th EGEDA Meeting and asked the CA its preferred month to hold the meeting. The Chair suggested to Malaysia to coordinate with CA regarding this matter.
Philippines Update on the Preparation for the 12th APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting
Ms. Victoria Capito, Division Chief, Policy Formulation and Research Division, Department of Energy, Philippines, reported on their preparation for the APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting to be held in Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines on 12-14 October 2015. The theme of the ministerial meeting is Towards Energy Resilient APEC Community and the sub-themes are: a) Climate-proofing Energy Infrastructures, b) Providing Avenue for Cutting Edge Energy Efficiency Technologies, c) Advocating Community-based Energy in Energy-Poverty-Stricken Areas and d) Improving Energy Trade and Investment.
A draft of the summary record was discussed and adopted after amendments.
The Chair expressed on behalf of all participants appreciation and thanks to the Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei.