Meeting Summary

Summary of the 3rd Meeting of the APEC Energy Data Expert Group Meeting
March 9-10, 1993 in Singapore


In accordance with the approval at the Fourth Meeting of the APEC Energy Project Group held in Sydney in May 1992, member economies were requested to submit data for the year 1991 and the first quarter of 1992 in the revised reporting format and data for each year from 1980 to 1990 inclusive to the Coordinating Agency (The Energy Data and Modelling Center, the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) by the end of November 1992. The Coordinating Agency was expected to process data from member economies to produce six sorts of APEC Energy Statistics together with some socio-economic data.

The Coordinating Agency has reported the outcome of the trial and the issues to be considered at the Third Meeting of the APEC Energy Data Expert Group.

Participants have considered the problems, improvements and future steps of the APEC Energy Database.

Business Arrangements

The Meeting was chaired by Mr. Kenichi Matsui, Vice President of the Energy Data and Modelling Center, the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan.

Participants came from ASEAN Secretariat representing six ASEAN economies, Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Chinese Taipei and the United States. Participants from ASEAN-EC Energy Management Training and Research Centre, and Singapore were present as observers.

People's Republic of China and Hong Kong did not dispatch a delegate.

Welcome Address

Mr. Soichiro Seki, Deputy Director of Energy Policy Planning Division, Agency of Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Japan delivered a welcome address.

Collection of Data

The data collection was carried out via diskettes using a Lotus' spread-sheet software to make accessing and processing data easier this time, and the above APEC Energy Statistics will be returned to member economies via diskettes as well.

  1. General Review on Data Collection
    The Coordinating Agency has received the data from all member economies.
    The received data are categorized as follows:
    • Data which include all requested figures
      Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand and the United States
    • Data which lack time series figures
      New Zealand
    • Data which lack figures for the first quarter of 1992  
      Brunei, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Philippines
    • Data which lack both annual data for 1991 and data for the first quarter of 1992
      People's Republic of China
  2. Some member economies agreed to send the supplemental data to the Coordinating Agency hereafter.
  3. Problems on Collecting Data
    1. The floppy diskette without a stiff case suffered damage during transportation while the 3.5-inch diskette covered with a stiff case suffered no mechanical damage. 3.5-inch diskettes covered with cases seem to be appropriate for delivery of data. Protection of diskettes with antimagnetic covers may be required, too.
    2. In some cases the diskettes could not be read due to the difference of the version of the Lotus 1-2-3, especially the version which applies "window" to the display.
  4. General Comments on the Reported Data
    1. Some member economies did not provide the conversion factors.
    2. A non-commercial energy commodity is provided in INDIGENOUS PRODUCTION under PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY in the current Reporting Format, however, there is no NON-COMMERCIAL item under TRANSFORMATION SECTOR and FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION SECTOR, but OTHERS instead. Therefore distinction is not clear between new energy and non-commercial energy.
    3. Some member economies did not fill out OPENING STOCK and CLOSING STOCK. It appears that a stock change is more common for member economies.
    4. Such energy commodities as Bagasse, Agriwaste, Aviation gas and Lubrication oil which have no item in the current Reporting Format are provided and data which seem appropriate to be filled in OWN-USE of TRANSFORMATION SECTOR are dealt with as INPUT to the same sector.
    5. Differing values of conversion factors for primary electricity were used among member economies.

APEC Energy Statistics

The Coordinating Agency has produced six sorts of Energy Statistics, that is, tables of Primary Energy Supply, tables of Final Energy Consumption, tables of Energy Sources, tables of Electricity, tables of Energy Balances, and tables of Stock Changes from submitted data together with socio-economic data from International Financial Statistics, etc.

Major Issues Discussed at the Meeting
  1. Delivery of data will be carried out via the 3.5-inch diskette from now on and the antimagnetic packing will be done as well.
  2. Each member economy is requested to use the Lotus 1-2-3 version which is available at the Coordinating Agency.
  3. It was agreed that member economies will use the net value for the thermal conversion factors, however, ASEAN member economies will use the ASEAN's own conversion value.
  4. For the conversion factor for Primary Energy Supply, it was agreed to adopt the following conversion factors which may be in the equivalent joule values or other thermal values:
  5. for Nuclear; 2,606 kcal/kWh (thermal conversion efficiency; 33%)
    for Hydro; 860 kcal/kWh (thermal conversion efficiency; 100%)
    for Geothermal; 8,600 kcal/kWh (thermal conversion efficiency; 10%)

    The above conversion factors are used in the current OECD, IEA Energy Statistics.

  6. With respect to Non-Energy and Non Commercial Energy, it was agreed to provide a new row for Non-Energy at the bottom of the Energy Balance Table and a new separate table for Non-Commercial Energy.
  7. It was agreed that the new rows for Stock Changes will be provided in addition to the present Opening Stocks and Closing Stocks.
  8. It was agreed to add one more column for HEAT to the existing Table.
  9. It was agreed that the column COKE will be changed into COAL PRODUCTS.
  10. It was agreed to accept the ASEAN Energy Reporting Format for submitting ASEAN members' data. The Coordinating Agency will rearrange with the figures of the ASEAN's data in compliance with the APEC Reporting Format and process the data to produce the APEC Energy Statistics.
  11. The ASEAN Secretariat requested all ASEAN members to inform the Secretariat when their data is sent to the Coordinating Agency through ASEAN-EC Energy Management Training and Research Centre.
  12. It was agreed that the Coordinating Agency will provide footnotes for each row and column for subsequent reporting of data.
Future Action Plan

It was proposed that all member economies will send their annual data for the year 1992 and quarterly data for the first quarter of 1993 to the Coordinating Agency for completing regional energy statistics in the year 1993 and that the trial (the third trial) of the Database should continue in 1993, so that all member economies could smoothly commence an ordinary run thereafter.

  1. The Second Trial
    1. Summary report of the Meeting
    2. End of March 1993:
      Prior circulation of the draft summary report of the Third Meeting of the APEC Energy Data Expert Group
      Middle of April 1993:
      Comments of member economies on the above draft summary to the Coordinating Agency
      End of April 1993:
      Revise of the draft summary report
      Middle of June 1993:
      Presentation of the summary report at the Sixth Meeting of Energy Project Group
    3. Immediate Revise of Data
    4. End of March 1993:
      Comments of member economies on Data
      Middle of April 1993:
      Revise of data based on comments and circulation of the revised data and tables
      End of April 1993:
      Approval by member economies
    5. Publication of APEC Energy Statistics
    6. End of June 1993:
      Production and distribution of the provisional APEC Energy Statistics based on the decisions made at the above Meeting
      End of July 1993:
      Comments of member economies on the above Statistics
      September 1993:
      Publication and distribution of the modified Statistics
  2. The Third Trial
  3. End of June 1993:
    Distribution of the revised APEC Energy Data Reporting Format together with Non-Commercial Energy Reporting Format with footnotes for rows and columns
    End of July 1993:
    Comments on the above Reporting Formats by member economies
    Beginning of September 1993:
    Distribution of diskettes including the New Reporting Formats with footnotes
    End of November 1993:
    Submission of annual data for 1992 and quarterly data for the first quarter of 1993 via diskettes
    January 1994:
    Data processing
    February 1994:
    Prior circulation of the APEC Energy Statistics
    **** 1994:
    The Fourth Meeting of Energy Data Expert Group

Future Expansion and Application of the APEC Energy Database

This issue was considered by the meeting having regard to the decision made at the Fourth Energy Project Group meeting that discussion of applications of the database should continue as the database is developed.

Australia proposed that future directions should be decided regarding the use and expansion of the database, saying that regional energy supply and demand projections should be developed as next steps. In addition, Australia stated that possible uses of the database should reflect the high priority issues for member economies, for example, environmental policy, energy trade policy, technology transfer, and exploration and development of energy resources.

Chinese Taipei stated that time series data for a energy consumption per major industrial unit product would give a beneficial information on a status of the efficient use of energy.

Some member economies expressed their concerns on the difficulties they would face and requested that these should not be underestimated.

Finally it was agreed that a draft proposal for the future expansion and application of the APEC Energy Database would be made up by Australia and Japan by the end of this year, with all member economies be given the opportunity to contribute to the draft proposal at an early stage. This could be done by inviting member economies to provide their comments now on how they see the project developing and by early distribution of the draft proposal to be prepared by Japan and Australia.